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Swaziland Facts Swaziland Flag Swaziland Map

Swaziland Map
current time and date
currency: Swazi Lilangeni (SZL)
Official languages
Life expectancy
Literacy rate
National anthem
Internet TLD & calling code:
Coat of arms
Swaziland profile

almost completely surrounded by South Africa
Swaziland history
Autonomy for the Swazis of southern Africa was guaranteed by the British in the late 19th century; independence was granted in 1968. Student and labor unrest during the 1990s pressured King MSWATI III, Africa's last absolute monarch, to grudgingly allow political reform and greater democracy, although he has backslid on these promises in recent years. A constitution came into effect in 2006, but the legal status of political parties remains unclear. The African United Democratic Party tried unsuccessfully to register as an official political party in mid 2006. Talks over the constitution broke down between the government and progressive groups in 2007. Swaziland recently surpassed Botswana as the country with the world's highest known HIV/AIDS prevalence rate.
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Conventional long form: Kingdom of Swaziland

Conventional short form: Swaziland

Local long form: Umbuso weSwatini

Local short form: eSwatini
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Swaziland's capital city is Mbabane
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Swaziland Constitution:

signed by the King July 2005;
went into effect 8 February 2006
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Swaziland population growth rate: 1.195%
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Swaziland highest point: Emlembe 1,862 m
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Swaziland lowest point: Great Usutu River 21 m
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About 10% of Swaziland's land is arable.
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Swaziland birth rate is 26 births/1,000 population
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Swaziland infant mortality rate is 60 deaths/1,000 live births
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Swaziland fertility rate is 2.96 children born/woman
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Swaziland climate:

varies from tropical to near temperate
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Top 10 cities of Swaziland with populations (2012 est.) are:
1. Manzini: 110,537
2. Mbabane: 76,218
3. Big Bend: 10,342
4. Malkerns: 9,724
5. Nhlangano: 9,016
6. Mhlume: 8,652
7. Hluti: 6,763
8. Simunye: 6,512
9. Siteki: 6,152
10. Piggs Peak: 5,750
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Swaziland ethnic groups:

African - 97%
European - 3%
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Swaziland Exports:

soft drink concentrates, sugar, wood pulp, cotton yarn, refrigerators, citrus and canned fruit
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Swaziland Imports:

motor vehicles, machinery, transport equipment, foodstuffs, petroleum products, chemicals
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bicameral Parliament or Libandla consists of the Senate (30 seats; 10 members elected by the House of Assembly and 20 appointed by the monarch; members to serve five-year terms) and the House of Assembly (65 seats; 10 members appointed by the monarch and 55 elected by popular vote; members to serve five-year terms)

Administrative Divisions:
4 districts.
1. Hhohho
2. Lubombo
3. Manzini
4. Shiselweni
Political parties and leaders:
the status of political parties, previously banned, is unclear under the 2006 Constitution and currently being debated;
the following are considered political associations;
African United Democratic Party (AUDP) - Stanley MAUNDZISA, president
Imbokodvo National Movement (INM)
Ngwane National Liberatory Congress (NNLC) - Obed DLAMINI, president
People's United Democratic Movement (PUDEMO) - Mario MASUKU, president